Staying well is essential to the physical and emotional health and wellbeing of all children and young people in Birmingham. The NHS provide ‘universal’ health services that everyone can use, however many children and young people with SEND may need to access more ‘targeted’ and ‘specialist’ health services to support their specific needs.
The following services are available for you and your child with special educational needs and disabilities.
Health visitors work with all parents who have new babies, offering support and advice from late pregnancy until the child is at school. Birmingham Forward Steps is a combined service which includes health visitors and voluntary agency partners across the Children’s Centres and delivers Early Years Health and Wellbeing support for children age 0 – 5 in Birmingham.
Special School Nursing▼
GPs and Dentists▼
Visit www.nhs.uk to find a local GP, dentist or pharmacy.
Annual Health Checks▼
All young people and adults from the age of 14 years with a learning disability (LD) should have a health check every year by their GP. It is essential to ensure that the GP has all the children and young people’s names on their LD register so that families can be called for appointments for the annual LD health check. Unless a young person’s learning disability status is registered on the GP systems then reasonable adjustments to care for that individual cannot be anticipated and made.
Regular health checks can detect treatable illnesses and help prevent more serious ones, as well as familiarising the young person with the GP practice. which they may use throughout their adult life.
Mental Health and Wellbeing▼
Forward Thinking Birmingham (FTB) is Birmingham's mental health partnership which provides services for 0-25 year olds.
Occupational Therapy, Speech and Language Therapy, and Physiotherapy▼
Occupational Therapy (OT)▼
The NHS Community Occupational Therapy service in Birmingham provides advice, parent workshops and support for children and young people with a functional difficulty which has a significant impact on their participation in aspects of daily life.
Find out more about local occupational therapy within Birmingham Community Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust (BCHC).
Birmingham City Council also provides an Occupational Therapy service which provides assessment and aids, equipment and adaptations at home for children and young people with disabilities
Speech and Language Therapy (SALT)▼
Specialist Aids, Equipment, and Adaptations▼
Some children and young people may need specialist aids and equipment so they can participate in everyday activities and function as independently as possible.
The NHS Occupational Therapy service does not provide equipment and aids. Specialist equipment and adaptations for home are provided by the Local Authority Occupational Therapy service. Find out more here
The Local Authority Physical Disability Support Service (PDSS) provide advice and support to school settings.
Community paediatricians are specialist children’s doctors who are trained to assess and manage a wide range of developmental, physical and social issues that can affect a child’s health, safety and learning.
Child Development Centres▼
A team of healthcare professionals are based at five Child Development Centres across Birmingham. They provide co-ordinated team-based assessment and intervention for pre-school children who have complex developmental difficulties across the five Child Development Centres in Birmingham.
Supporting Students with Medical Needs in Schools▼
Pupils at school with medical conditions need to be effectively supported so that they have full access to education, including school trips and physical education and all risks are well-managed.
School leaders have a responsibility to work with health and social care professionals, pupils and parents to ensure that the needs of children with medical conditions are properly understood and effectively supported via school policies and individual healthcare plans.
insert link to the LA webpage for ‘Supporting Medical Needs in schools’
Community Nursing and Palliative Care Team▼
This specialist nursing service cares for children and young people who have a specialist nursing need at home or in a community setting.
The children’s community nursing and palliative care team cares for children in the community with a specialist nursing need. It can help children and their families manage:
Life limiting or life-threatening conditions
Oxygen dependent babies
Nasogastric tube feeding
End-of-life and palliative care
Continuing Care packages for children or young people up to 18 years is for those with highly complex health needs that cannot be met by services which are routinely available, for example services delivered from GP practices, hospitals or in the community.
These health needs may be the result of a congenital condition, long-term, life-limiting or life-threatening condition, disability or a serious illness or injury.
For these children and young people, they may be offered an additional care package known as Continuing Care.
For more information, call the children and young people’s continuing care team on 0121 612 2133.
Transition to Adult Continuing Healthcare provision▼
Continuing care packages for children and young people stops when a child/ young person reaches 18years of age. For people over the age of 18 with severe and complex health needs, support may be provided through NHS continuing healthcare for adults. This is organised differently from continuing care for children and young people, and there is a different assessment process.
If your child/ young person receives continuing care and it seems likely they will need similar support when they are an adult this should be identified in discussion with you when they reach age 14 years. At 16-17 years your young person should be referred for initial assessment for adult NHS continuing healthcare. This should again be a multi-disciplinary assessment and a decision about eligibility should be made when they are 17 years old.
Transition to Adult Health Services▼
The transition from children’s to adult’s health services is a significant step and transition planning with health practitioners needs to start by school year 9 (age 13 to 14 years). Young people who are moving from children's to adults' services will have an annual meeting to review transition planning from age 13/14 onwards, until their transition is complete.
Ideally the health transition plans and reviews will link with other multi-agency review meetings such as the Annual Review of an Education, Health and Care Plan or SEN support plan.
All health services are required to have transition pathways for young people moving to adult health services. More details about this can be found from your local NHS Trust.